Chris Craft and MSES graduates McKenna Stahl and Sarah Widney published an article in Ecological Engineering: “Tidal freshwater forests: Sentinels for climate change.” The paper shows that accretion rates in forests along the Altamaha River in Georgia are considerably less than the current rate of sea level rise in that region. Craft and former Ph.D. student Ellen Herbert co-authored an article published in Biogeochemistry: “Differential effects of chronic and acute simulated seawater intrusion on tidal freshwater marsh carbon cycling.”
Marta Venier and postdocs Jiehong Guo and Kevin Romanak co-authored an article in Environmental Pollution: “Accumulation of flame retardants in paired eggs and plasma of bald eagles.” The researchers measured the concentrations of 58 flame retardants in samples taken from bald eagles in Michigan. They found much higher concentrations of retardants in bald eagle egg and plasma concentrations from lakes Superior and Huron when compared with concentrations found in trout taken from the same lakes.
Venier, Ron Hites, Amina Salimova, and postdoc Olubiyi Olukunle published an article in Chemosphere: “Atmospheric concentrations of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) diastereomers in the Great Lakes region.” The researchers collected air samples from four sites in the Great Lakes region and found high levels of HBCDD, a persistent and toxic flame retardant. Hites published an article in Environmental Science and Technology Letters: “Atmospheric Concentrations of PCB-11 Near the Great Lakes Have Not Decreased Since 2004.” The Hites Lab collected 1,800 samples from six sites near the Great Lakes and found not insignificant amounts of PCB-11, a potentially toxic byproduct of the production of yellow pigments.
Adam Ward received a 2018 Summer Instructional Development Fellowship from IU for his project "Innovative Instructional Technologies & Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Sustainability in Environmental Engineering." Ward will implement a blended learning format, coupling web-based lectures with in-class case studies focused on sustainable design of natural systems and constructed infrastructure for our Environmental Engineering course (SPEA-E 552).
Monika Herzig released SHEROES (Whaling City Sound, March 23). The jazz CD was composed and performed by an international female all-star group organized and led by Herzig. Jazz Journalist Association president Howard Mandel said Herzig and the other band members “present a model of empowerment with results that are good for everyone. Wherever you are on the gender continuum, you’ll like it. SHEROES make music!”
Vicky Meretsky and Rob Fischman published an article in Environmental Law: “State Imperiled Species Legislation“ with co-authors Willem Drews (Knox County Soil and Water Conservation District), Katlin Stephani (IUPUI), and Jennifer Teson (Lancaster County Conservancy). Drews, Stephani and Teson, all IU alumni, worked with the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies in a SPEA capstone investigating state efforts to conserve imperiled species. Their article is the most comprehensive, up-to-date comparison of state endangered-species legislation. Their research points to opportunities and shortcomings in state law that will inform the federal Endangered Species Act reform debate about delegation of species recovery to states.
Jennifer Brass co-authored an article in World Development: “Political autonomy and resistance in electricity sector liberalization in Africa.” With co-authors Elizabeth Baldwin (SPEA PhD; U of Arizona), Lauren MacLean (IU Political Science Dept.) and Christopher Gore (Ryerson U.), Brass used a comparative historical analysis of Ghana, Tanzania, and Uganda to determine why some countries adopt electricity sector reforms more quickly and more fully than others. The authors found that the timing of reform was largely contingent on economic efficiency factors, whereas the pace of reform was shaped largely by differences in the countries’ reliance on aid from key donors, and the extent of reform was determined primarily by internal national political dynamics.
Diane Henshel published an article, “Characterizing and measuring maliciousness for cyber security risk assessment,” in Frontiers in Psychology. Henshel, with co-authors SPEA undergraduate Zoe King, master's student Liberty Flora, Ph.D. student Mariana Cains, and Blaine Hoffman and Char Sample (Army Research Laboratory), reviewed literature across disciplines related to human maliciousness. They propose an initial set of assessment metrics and instruments for use in future risk assessments.
Trent Engbers and Barry Rubin published an article, “Theory to practice: Policy recommendations for fostering economic development through social capital,” in Public Administration Review. Their past work suggests that communities with ample amounts of bridging social capital—networks of people characterized by diversity and breadth of social interactions—are more successful economically. In this article, Engbers and Rubin lay out a conceptual framework for understanding the social/economic relationship and offer economic development practitioners and policymakers a policy-based approach to developing social capital for the purpose of economic gain.
Denvil Duncan published an article, “Liar Liar: Experimental evidence of the effect of confirmation reports on dishonesty,” in Southern Economic Journal. Duncan and co-author Danyang Li (Hofstra University) recruited 1,400 participants from Amazon’s mechanical turk to participate in an experiment comparing self-reporting of die-roll results to confirmation reports in which the die-roll outcomes were pre-filled. The authors found people were more likely to be honest when faced with an accurate pre-filled report, and more likely to lie when faced with an inaccurate pre-filled report.
Coady Wing, Kosali Simon, and SPEA Ph.D. student Ricardo Bello-Gomez published an article, “Designing difference in difference studies: Best practices for public health policy research,” in Annual Review of Public Health. The article examines how researchers can design empirical studies to improve the strength of causal claims within the public health policy context. The authors provide guidance and advocate for careful analysis and thoughtful construction when using quasi-experimental methods to establish effects of policies when randomized controlled trials are infeasible.